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Home > Auctions > 3rd September 2014 > Anglo-Saxon Bronze Florid Cruciform Brooch with Thor and Birds

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LOT 0361

Estimate
GBP (£) 8,000 - 12,000
EUR (€) 9,470 - 14,210
USD ($) 10,210 - 15,320

ANGLO-SAXON BRONZE FLORID CRUCIFORM BROOCH WITH THOR AND BIRDS
6TH CENTURY AD
5" (112 grams, 12.5 cm).

A cruciform brooch of the later 'florid' form with highly decorative openwork border to the headplate formed as a rectangular median plate with lateral wings, enhanced with punched-pellet detail to the sides and top edge of each; raised central square panel; to the middle of each edge a Style I human mask in plan, formed as a T-shaped brow-and-nasal with two pellet eyes, with pairs of Style I profile bird-heads with curved beaks; the bow deep with facetting at each end; the footplate rectangular with Style I lappets and punched-pellet border; the transverse collar with two rows of punched-pellet detail; the finial a Style I human mask with two columns of punched-pellet detail extending to the peltoid terminal; the overall decorative effect forming a triangular band of Style I openwork ornament broken only at the bow and terminal; to the reverse pin-lugs, ferrous stain from the pin and base of the catchplate.

PROVENANCE:
Found Suffolk, UK.

LITERATURE:
Published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts vol.1 - Early Anglo-Saxon, Witham, 2009, fig.1.1.4.1-l.

FOOTNOTES:
The staring male face on the footplate, with fierce eyes and prominent moustache, probably represents a divinity such as the thunder-god, Thunor (later Thor).

CONDITION