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Roman Empire - Excessively Rare Maximus of Spain - Barcelona Siliqua

Coins - Roman Empire


LOT 327

Estimate
GBP (£) 1,200 - 1,800
EUR (€) 1,360 - 2,040
USD ($) 1,680 - 2,510
Additional Fees*

Sold for (Inc. premium): £575

ROMAN EMPIRE - EXCESSIVELY RARE MAXIMUS OF SPAIN - BARCELONA SILIQUA

Barcelona. Usurper, AD 409-411. Obv: imitative of DN MAXIM-VS PF AVG (N is retrograde), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: VI(CTOR-A )AAVGGG, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and inverted spear. Mintmark SMBA. The Roma seated type with the VICTOR.. legend (the usual legend is VRBS ROMA or VIRTVS ROMANORVM) was used by several emperors (Arcadius, Constans, Constantine III, Eugenius, Flavius Victor, Glycerius, Gratian, Honorius, Johannes, Jovinus, Mag Max, Majorian, Priscus Attalus, Sebastian, Theodosius I and II, Valens, Valentinian I and II and some of the Visigoths - many of which are extremely rare usurpers), but Maximus is the only one who used the legend DN MAXIM... This is a good imitation of the only silver coin of the period known to have been made in Barcelona, with the SMBA mintmark. Barcelona (or Barcino as it was known) was used as a mint only for 2 years and only under Maximus. The mintmark SMBA was listed by Cohen but was doubted by many savants for over 100 years, until a bronze coin with the mintmark was found during excavations in Barcelona in 1958. The mintmark is rare and an imitation with the mintmark probably even rarer. Silver, 3.03 grams, 15.48 mm.

Condition
Part not struck up, otherwise good very fine in good quality silver; excessively rare.

Literature
Imit. RIC X 1601; Sear -. See Wildwinds.com (this coin). The last known example of a coin with this mintmark sold for 8,000 US$ (CNG, Triton XIII, lot 426).

Footnotes
Maximus was probably a relative of the general Gerontius who revolted against Constantine III in AD 409. He was allowed to retire into private life when his master committed suicide in AD 411. Maximus is potentially the same person as the Maximus Tyrannus who unsuccessfully attempted to seize power in Spain around AD 420. Maximus Tyrannus was captured and publicly executed as a traitor at the games celebrating Honorius' tricennalia at Ravenna in AD 422. Philip Grierson (DOCLR, p. 219) has stated there are only about twenty known coins of Maximus.

Date
Thursday 9th September 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall Antiquities & Coins

TimeLine Auctions Ltd arranges printed catalogue rostrum Auctions, eAuctions and Timed Auctions where we offer antiquities, ancient artefacts / artifacts, antiques, collectibles, coins, medals and books for public sale.

Lot No. 327

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Auction Venue:
20-21 Bloomsbury Way, London WC1A 2TH

Viewing from noon Monday 19th February 2018
Champagne Reception: 5.30 - 9pm
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Tuesday 20th February 2018 (Day 1)
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Wednesday 21st February 2018 (Day 2)
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363 Main Road
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Thursday 22nd February 2018 (Day 3)
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Saturday 24th February 2018 (Day 5)
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Coins, Banknotes & Medals (lot 3000 - 3583)

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Auction 022010

Thursday 9th September 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall Antiquities & Coins

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