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Roman Empire - Excessively Rare Maximus of Spain - Barcelona Siliqua

Coins - Roman Empire

LOT 327

GBP (£) 1,200 - 1,800
EUR (€) 1,360 - 2,040
USD ($) 1,680 - 2,510
Additional Fees*

Sold for (Inc. premium): £575


Barcelona. Usurper, AD 409-411. Obv: imitative of DN MAXIM-VS PF AVG (N is retrograde), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: VI(CTOR-A )AAVGGG, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and inverted spear. Mintmark SMBA. The Roma seated type with the VICTOR.. legend (the usual legend is VRBS ROMA or VIRTVS ROMANORVM) was used by several emperors (Arcadius, Constans, Constantine III, Eugenius, Flavius Victor, Glycerius, Gratian, Honorius, Johannes, Jovinus, Mag Max, Majorian, Priscus Attalus, Sebastian, Theodosius I and II, Valens, Valentinian I and II and some of the Visigoths - many of which are extremely rare usurpers), but Maximus is the only one who used the legend DN MAXIM... This is a good imitation of the only silver coin of the period known to have been made in Barcelona, with the SMBA mintmark. Barcelona (or Barcino as it was known) was used as a mint only for 2 years and only under Maximus. The mintmark SMBA was listed by Cohen but was doubted by many savants for over 100 years, until a bronze coin with the mintmark was found during excavations in Barcelona in 1958. The mintmark is rare and an imitation with the mintmark probably even rarer. Silver, 3.03 grams, 15.48 mm.

Part not struck up, otherwise good very fine in good quality silver; excessively rare.

Imit. RIC X 1601; Sear -. See Wildwinds.com (this coin). The last known example of a coin with this mintmark sold for 8,000 US$ (CNG, Triton XIII, lot 426).

Maximus was probably a relative of the general Gerontius who revolted against Constantine III in AD 409. He was allowed to retire into private life when his master committed suicide in AD 411. Maximus is potentially the same person as the Maximus Tyrannus who unsuccessfully attempted to seize power in Spain around AD 420. Maximus Tyrannus was captured and publicly executed as a traitor at the games celebrating Honorius' tricennalia at Ravenna in AD 422. Philip Grierson (DOCLR, p. 219) has stated there are only about twenty known coins of Maximus.

Thursday 9th September 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall Antiquities & Coins

TimeLine Auctions Ltd arranges printed catalogue rostrum Auctions, eAuctions and Timed Auctions where we offer antiquities, ancient artefacts / artifacts, antiques, collectibles, coins, medals and books for public sale.

Lot No. 327

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Auction Venue:
20-21 Bloomsbury Way, London WC1A 2TH

Viewing from noon Monday 19th February 2018
Champagne Reception: 5.30 - 9pm
Auctions start 10am GMT (Lunch 1.30 - 2pm)

Tuesday 20th February 2018 (Day 1)
(lot 1 - 596)
Wednesday 21st February 2018 (Day 2)
Antiquities (lot 597 - 890)
Coins & Medals (lot 1001 - 1401)

Auction Venue:
The Court House
363 Main Road
Harwich, CO12 4DN

Thursday 22nd February 2018 (Day 3)
(lot 1500 - 2140)
Friday 23rd February 2018 (Day 4)
(lot 2141 - 2805)
Saturday 24th February 2018 (Day 5)
(lot 2806 - 2963)
Coins, Banknotes & Medals (lot 3000 - 3583)

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Auction 022010

Thursday 9th September 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall Antiquities & Coins

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