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Home > Auctions > 2nd June 2020 > Greek Pontic Chalcidian Helmet

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LOT 0456

Estimate
GBP (£) 5,000 - 7,000
EUR (€) 5,520 - 7,730
USD ($) 6,150 - 8,610

Opening Bid
£4,500 (EUR 4,972; USD 5,536) (+bp*)

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Bid History: 0

Greek Pontic Chalcidian Helmet

4th century BC

A Chalcidian helmet formed as a bronze bowl with carination to the crown, flared edges at the ear openings and above the eyes; a long nasal with flared rim and rear flange neck-guard; the cheek pieces connected to the bowl by a six-part hinge, each D-shaped with contoured forward edge. 1.2 kg, 31cm (12 1/4"). Fine condition, restored.

Provenance
Property of a European collector; formerly in an old European collection formed in the 1980s; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato.
Literature
See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., Chalkidische Helme in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp. 137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; Born, H. Die Helme des Hephaistos. Handwerk und Technik griechischer Bronzen in Olympia, München, 2009, for discussion.
Footnotes
The helmet is very similar to various examples found in the Black Sea area (Chernenko, 1998, p. 10), Macedonia, Thrace, Continental Greece (Kalapodi, fragment of helmet of type V, today at the Museum of Lamia, inv. Nr. B 20), South Italy. By the 5th century BC, many of the Scythian kings and nobles opted for ‘foreign’ styled Greek helmets and greaves – possibly as a show of prosperity and military richness. Archaeological excavations that pertain to this period have unearthed over 60 fascinating specimens of Greek helmets (mainly of Corinthian and Chalcidian-Attic types) that were actually manufactured in mainland Greece and then shipped across the Black Sea into Scythian heartland via the wealthy Greek Bosphoran colonies.