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Home > Auctions > 1st September 2020 > Greek Illyrian Bronze Helmet

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LOT 0376

Estimate
GBP (£) 15,000 - 20,000
EUR (€) 16,620 - 22,160
USD ($) 19,700 - 26,270

Opening Bid
£13,500 (EUR 14,957; USD 17,731) (+bp*)

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Bid History: 0

Greek Illyrian Bronze Helmet

Late 6th century BC

A bronze archaic period helmet raised from a single sheet, the bowl of domed form with two parallel corrugated ribs to the upper face, rectangular slot for the face, short flaring neck-guard developing behind the cheek-protectors with two holes for fastening of the chin strap. 2 kg total, 39cm including stand (15 1/4"). Fine condition.

Provenance
From an important London collection; formerly part of the ‘Raymonde’ family collection, formed during the early 1970s; accompanied by a report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D'Amato.
Literature
Cf. Bottini et al., Antike Helme. Handbuck mit Katalog, Mainz, 1988, pp.382-8, nos.5 and 6; for an example of such a helmet from the collection of the late Christos G. Bastis, see Sotheby's New York, 9 December 1999, lot 79; see Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002.
Footnotes
This helmet appears to belong to a small group of variant of the type II: in terms of their shape and characteristic, this small group of helmets is connected to the second-type specimens, but with one difference: the circumferential row of punched holes along the perimeter is well preserved (as in the helmets of this variant in Olympia and Trebeniste) showing the rivet heads, but not framed by a reinforcing bead as usual in the types 1 and 2 variant 1. The Illyrian helmet was widely used in Macedonia, Illyria, Epyrus and Greece, even South Italy (Magna Graecia) and Etruria. The chronological range of its use ranges from the 7th century BC to the 3rd century BC (specimen from Ošanići in Hercegovina), although the specimens of the 2nd type of variant II are more concentrated in Macedonia and Peloponnesos.