Roman Head of Bacchus Mosaic Panel - Lot No. 0109

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Roman Head of Bacchus Mosaic Panel

Antiquities - Roman


LOT 0109

Estimate
GBP (£) 20,000 - 30,000
EUR (€) 22,420 - 33,620
USD ($) 25,560 - 38,340

Opening Bid: £20,000 (EUR 22,416; USD 25,557)
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ROMAN HEAD OF BACCHUS MOSAIC PANEL
1st century BC-1st century AD

A discoid mosaic panel in a modern matrix with metal frame, depicting the facing bust of Bacchus with fruit and foliage in the hair, executed in earth tones with cream field and brown border; central panel from a larger design. 13.2 kg, 75cm (29 1/2").

Condition
Very fine condition.

Provenance
Property of a European gentleman; formerly in a German private collection formed in the 1950-1970s.

Footnotes
Bacchus was the Roman name for the Greek deity Dionysus, a god who originally came from Thrace. He was closely associated with wine, fertility and the harvest, as well as being patron god of theatres and actors. A mystery cult developed around him that was extremely popular in the Greek and Roman periods, but which was viewed with suspicion by the authorities for its bending of social conventions. The mystery cults were based on sacred stories that often involved the ritual re-enactment of a death-rebirth myth of a particular divinity. In addition to the promise of a better afterlife, mystery cults fostered social bonds among the participants, called mystai. The followers of Dionysus derived many of their eschatological beliefs and ritual prescriptions from Orphic literature, a corpus of theogonic poems and hymns. The mythical Thracian poet Orpheus, the archetypical musician, theologian, and mystagogue, was credited with the introduction of the mysteries into the Greek world. References by Herodotus and Euripides attest to the existence of certain Bacchic-Orphic beliefs and practices: itinerant religion specialists and purveyors of secret knowledge, called Orpheotelestai, performed the teletai, private rites for the remission of sins. For the Orphics, Dionysus was a saviour god with redeeming qualities. He was the son of Zeus and Persephone and successor to his throne. When the Titans attacked and dismembered the baby Dionysus, Zeus in retaliation destroyed the perpetrators with his thunderbolt. From the Titans’ ashes the human race was born, burdened by their Titan inheritance which could only be destroyed through the ecstatic worship of Dionysus.

Date
Tuesday 4th September 2018 to Monday 10th September 2018: Ancient Art, Antiquities & Coins

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Auction Catalogue


Auction Venue:
Stratton Street
Mayfair London, W1J 8LT

Viewing from noon Monday 3rd Sept. 2018
Champagne Reception: 6pm - 9pm

Tuesday 4th Sept. 2018 (Day 1)
10am : Lots 1 - 651

Auction Venue:
The Court House
363 Main Road
Harwich, CO12 4DN

Auctions start 10am BST (Lunch 1.30 - 2pm)
Wednesday 5th Sept. 2018 (Day 2)
Lots 700 - 1361
Thursday 6th Sept. 2018 (Day 3)
Lots 1362 - 2023
Friday 7th Sept. 2018 (Day 4)
Lots 2024 - 2641
Saturday 8th Sept. 2018 (Day 5)
Lots 2642 - 3239
Sunday 9th Sept. 2018 (Day 6)
Lots 3240 - 3552
Lots 3700 - 4050
Monday 10th Sept. 2018 (Day 7)
Lots 4051 - 4877

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Tuesday 4th September 2018 to Monday 10th September 2018: Ancient Art, Antiquities & Coins

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