Home > Auctions > 26th February 2019 > Norman Coins - Empress Matilda - Pembroke / Gillapaidrig - Unique Cross Moline Penny

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LOT 3119

Estimate
GBP (£) 3,000 - 4,000
EUR (€) 3,410 - 4,550
USD ($) 3,840 - 5,130

Bid History: 1   |   Current bid: £2,500
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Norman Coins - Empress Matilda - Pembroke / Gillapaidrig - Unique Cross Moline Penny

1141-1145 AD

Copying cross moline Watford (BMC type i) issue of Stephen. Obv: profile bust right with sceptre before and MA.TIL.DI:IMP: legend. Rev: cross moline with fleurs on cusps and [+G]ILLIPATRI:ON[:P] legend for the moneyer Gillipatric/Gillapaidrig at Pembroke mint. 1.08 grams. Good very fine; crack at edge and slight flan crease, struck slightly off centre. Unique and very important.

Provenance
Found near Soham, Cambridgeshire, UK, 2018.

Published
See Early Medieval Corpus, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, reference EMC 2018.0400 (this coin); see Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference PAS SF-6D9123 (this coin, with printout of entry); see British Numismatic Journal, Coin Register (this coin, forthcoming).

Literature
S. 1326 (new mint); N. 936 (ditto); see Allen, Dr Martin, The Mints and Moneyers of England and Wales, 1066-1158, British Numismatic Journal 82, 2012 and Addenda and Corrigenda, British Numismatic Journal 86, 2016 for detailed listing of all recorded issues of the period; see p.97 for the Pembroke issues of Henry I and Stephen type 1 and pp.107-117 for Matilda issues (p.114 for Pembroke).

Footnotes
The single moneyer mint at Pembroke (given on the coins as P/PA[I/N]) opened in the reign of Henry I and closed permanently in the reign of Henry II. The coins struck there are all very rare and Gillapaidrig (sometimes given as Gillopatric, Gilpatric or Gillopatri) is the only recorded moneyer in the Norman period. He strikes during the reign of Henry I in types 10, 13, 14 (three specimens recorded in the corpus for type 14 by Dr Martin Allen in BNJ 79,) and 15, with only eight Henry I examples recorded in EMC/SCBI for all types. The mint continues striking in the reign of Stephen for his cross moline (Watford) type 1 (two were in the Prestwich hoard, see EMC 1048.1256 and 1048.1257); he is recorded in the Henry I Pipe Roll for 1130 AD as paying 20 shillings towards a fine debt of £4 apparently resulting from the ‘Purge of Moneyers’ assize held at Winchester in 1125 when most moneyers were castrated and lost their right hand as punishment; a few escaped this mutilation by paying a large fine. He is referred to on the website of the Pembroke and Monkton Local History Society.

Empress Matilda (also known as Empress Maud) was the daughter of Henry I and his named heir to the throne of England. At the time of Henry I's death, she was not in England and Stephen of Blois, nephew of Henry I, persuaded many of the barons to support his claim and was crowned king in 1135 AD. The period of the Anarchy (1138-1154 AD) followed with Matilda and Stephen contesting the throne; Matilda issued coins in her name from locally made dies, both copying the first type of Stephen, as this coin and of other types, from mints variously under her control in Cardiff, Gloucester, Oxford, Wareham, London and Bristol; this is the first coin to be discovered for Matilda struck at Pembroke and represents a highly important addition to her coinage. The Pembroke mint finally closed in the reign of Henry II with early Tealby pennies struck by the moneyer Waltier in around 1161 AD.


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Bid History: 1   |   Current bid: £2,500

Lot No. 3119

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Auction Venue:
The May Fair Hotel London
Stratton Street
Mayfair London, W1J 8LT

Viewing from noon Monday 25th Feb 2019
Champagne Reception: 6pm - 9pm

Tuesday 26th Feb 2019 (Day 1)
10am : Lots 1 - 660

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363 Main Road
Harwich, CO12 4DN

Auctions start 10am GMT (Lunch 1.30 - 2pm)
Wednesday 27th Feb 2019 (Day 2)
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Lots 3001 - 3862

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